Horizon Mental Care Activities.

Horizon Mental Care Activities.


A group of a youth volunteers of Horizon Founders are prepared themselves the establishment of this LNG of horizon.

The founders are made studies to the community in Somaliland to their primary and secondary basic needs and resulted of the studies we collected many social basic needs in the regions of the Somaliland country so we have been considered to prioritize the social basic needs.

Then Horizon founders were considered that the mental sick people in Somaliland are the most sensitive people whom firstly need to support them, because they have been lived homeless, careless, in the streets of the cities or villages, they do not found any care including medical, feeding etc and they are risk to themselves and the other people particularly children and the women and the other people.

Horizon established mental health care centers in early 2009 in Hargeisa Somaliland, these centers provide the mental sick people most of their needs how ever we can able, such us caring, feeding, medical check up and treatment, with out any support from any kind of community such as governmental support, International Ngos or local Ngos.

Horizon founders are working voluntary and we have a number staff whose working us as a voluntary and provide the mentally sick people with the supporting and helping.

Hargeisa is the city of Somaliland so we established the first a center for the mentally sick people.

We have a daily increasing number of patients in the center since we established the centers.

(Our next step was to create and establish a Mental care Center internal activities such as basic Education, Exercises, Orientations and related basic needed activities, Please quite View this Video of the opening Ceremony of the basic Education although it is recorded of Somali Language, 

While the third step we have been increased and added to our Mental care activities is the Skill creation program this program will aid the recovering people to integrate their normal lives and activities and to establish their own jobs or to seek a skilled work through their Community.

Some of the Mentally recovered people learning the basic education in the Horizon Mental Care Center in Hargeisa Somaliland, to build up their basic educations.

The Skill Training for the Mentally Recovered People in Horizon Mental Care Center at Hargeisa Somaliland,

Understanding mental health problems


Introduction to the most common mental health problems, explaining what they are, their possible causes, and what help is available


What are mental health problems?


Some mental health problems are described using words that are in everyday use; for example, ‘depression’ or ‘anxiety’. This can make them seem easier to understand, but can also mean people underestimate how serious they can be.


Mental ill health feels just as bad, or worse, than any other illness – only you cannot see it.

Although mental health problems are very common – affecting around one in four people in Britain – stigma and discrimination towards people with mental health problems is still very common and there are a lot of myths about what different diagnoses mean.

There is also a lot of controversy about the way mental health problems are diagnosed, what causes them, and which treatments are most effective.

However, despite these challenges, it is possible to recover from a mental health problem and live a productive and fulfilling life. It is important to remember that having a mental health problem is not a sign of weakness.


Never be ashamed of having bad days, weeks or even months – because they show your inner strength, even if you can’t see it yourself at the time.


What are the most common mental health problems?

Some of the most commonly diagnosed forms of mental health problem are described below.

Common diagnoses

Depression
Depression lowers your mood, and can make you feel hopeless, worthless, unmotivated and exhausted. It can affect sleep, appetite, libido and self-esteem. It can also interfere with daily activities and, sometimes, your physical health. This may set off a vicious cycle, because the worse you feel, the more depressed you are likely to get. Depression can be experienced at different levels e.g. mild or severe, and can be related to certain experiences; for example, postnatal depression occurs after childbirth. Depression is often associated with anxiety. (See Mind’s booklet 'Understanding depression'.)

Anxiety
Anxiety can mean constant and unrealistic worry about any aspect of daily life. It may cause restlessness, sleeping problems and possibly physical symptoms; for example, an increased heart beat, stomach upset, muscle tension or feeling shaky. If you are highly anxious you may also develop related problems, such as panic attacks, a phobia or obsessive compulsive disorder. (See  'Understanding anxiety'.)

Obsessive-compulsive disorder
Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) has two main parts: obsessions and compulsions. Obsessions are unwelcome thoughts, ideas or urges that repeatedly appear in your mind; for example, thinking that you have been contaminated by dirt and germs, or worrying that you haven’t turned off the oven. Compulsions are repetitive activities that you feel you have to do. This could be something like repeatedly checking a door to make sure it is locked or washing your hands a set number of times. (See Mind’s booklet 'Understanding obsessive-compulsive disorder'.)

Phobias
A fear becomes a phobia when you have an exaggerated or unrealistic sense of danger about a situation or object. You will often begin to organise your life around avoiding the thing that you fear. The symptoms of phobias are similar to anxiety, and in severe forms you might experience panic attacks. (See Mind’s booklet 'Understanding phobias'.)

Bipolar disorder (formerly known as manic depression)
If you have bipolar disorder you will experience swings in mood. During ‘manic’ episodes, you are likely to display overactive excited behaviour. At other times, you may go through long periods of being very depressed. There are different types of bipolar disorder which depend on how often these swings in mood occur and how severe they are. (See Mind’s booklet 'Understanding bipolar disorder'.)

Schizophrenia
Schizophrenia is a controversial diagnosis. Symptoms may include confused or jumbled thoughts, hearing voices and seeing and believing things that other people don’t share. If you have these symptoms you might also become confused and withdrawn. There is debate about whether schizophrenia is actually one condition or more a collection of symptoms that are not clearly related. (See Mind’s booklet, 'Understanding schizophrenia'.)

Personality disorders
Generally speaking, personality doesn’t change very much. Yet it does develop as people go through different experiences in life, and as their circumstances change. If you have a personality disorder, you are likely to find it more difficult to change your patterns of thinking, feeling and behaving, and will have a more limited range of emotions, attitudes and behaviours with which to cope with everyday life. (See Mind’s booklet 'Understanding personality disorders'.)

Eating disorders
Eating disorders can be characterised by eating too much, or by eating too little. If you have an eating disorder you may deny yourself anything to eat, even when you are very hungry, or you may eat constantly, or binge. The subject of food, and how much you weigh, is likely to be on your mind all the time. Your eating disorder is likely to develop as a result of deeper issues in your life and is possibly a way of disguising emotional pain. Anorexia, bulimia, bingeing and compulsive eating are some of the most common eating disorders. (See Mind’s booklet 'Understanding eating problems'.)


Common behaviours

In addition to the more formal diagnoses above, there are some behaviours and feelings which are strongly associated with mental health problems.

Self-harm
Self-harm is a way of expressing very deep distress. You may not know why you self-harm, but it can be a means of communicating what you can’t put into words, or even into thoughts, and has been described as an ‘inner scream’. After self-harming, you may feel better able to cope with life again, for a while, but the cause of your distress is unlikely to have gone away. (See Mind’s booklet 'Understanding self-harm'.)

Suicidal thoughts
It is common to have suicidal thoughts if you are experiencing mental health problems – especially if you have a diagnosis of depression, borderline personality disorder or schizophrenia. The deeper your depression, the more likely it is that you will consider killing yourself. However, you can help yourself and you can get help from other people. A great many people think about suicide, but the majority do not go on to kill themselves. (See Mind’s booklets 'How to cope with suicidal feelings' and 'How to help someone who is suicidal'.)

Panic attacks
These are sudden, unexpected bouts of intense terror. If you experience an attack you may find it hard to breathe, and feel your heart beating hard. You may have a choking sensation, chest pain, begin to tremble or feel faint. It’s easy to mistake these for the signs of a heart attack or other serious medical problem. Panic attacks can occur at any time, and this is what distinguishes them from a natural response to real danger. (See Mind’s booklet 'Understanding anxiety'.)





Other Social Supporting Activities;



ENVIRONMENT AND RURAL DEVELOPMENT;

 

 Horizon founders took a deep studies in all regions of Somaliland, these studies are focused to the development of environment of the regions, development of livestock which is the backbone of Somaliland, development of the agricultural, development of water, protection of cutting the trees by orientation of the communities in the rural areas, and re plantation of trees.

- Livestock and Agriculture Sectors:

As a study the UNDP taken, The economy largely depends on the livestock production. In Somaliland its contribution is estimated at 60% of the total income. Is the main source of livelihood of 70% of the total population.

In Somaliland in 1997, the total livestock at about 23,5 million heads, (66% were sheep and goats, 23% camels and 11% cattle).

There are several major livestock markets in Somaliland: Hargeisa Burao-Yiroowe, Ceel-Afweyn and Tog-Wajaale. These markets handle livestock from all corners of the Somaliland territories. Burao-Yirowe and Hargeisa are among the largest livestock markets in the Horn of Africa. Saudi Arabia is the largest consumer market of Somali’s livestock with Yemen and the United Arab Emirates. In 1997, export of livestock trough the port of Berbera was estimated at about 3 million heads. In this year Somaliland earned US$176.6 million from livestock export. A very small proportion of this livestock is directed to the local market trough slaughtering houses.

In Somaliland, agricultural sector accounts for about 30% of the national economy. Potential agricultural land is estimated at 10% of the total territory; only 3% is currently under production. Most suitable agricultural soils are located in the regions of Awdal (Borama and Baki districts) Waqooyi Galbeed (Hargeisa and Gabiley districts) and some districts in Sahil region. Other regions with promising agricultural potential are Toghdeer (Odweyne, Beer) Sanaag (Erigavo district).

Rain-fed farming is the dominant agricultural system and cereals are the main crops. Sorghum is the principal crop occupying approximately 70% of the rain-fed agricultural land, while maize accounts for another 25%. The remaining 5% of rain-fed land is used for production of cowpeas, millet, groundnuts and beans for domestic use. A rudimentary irrigation farming system covers about 7% of the land dedicated to fruit and vegetable cultures, mostly for commercial use.

Land holdings range from 2 to 20 ha. On average cultivated areas are ranging between 0.5 to 5ha, depending on the families’ wealth. However, traditional land use practices have proven to be inadequate to cope with the increase of the rural population both resulting from natural growth and from re-settlement of returnee population. In addition, current land use is producing some tension between nomadic pastoralists and agricultural communities, which are turning more to the agro pastoral production.

If we analysis and over view this study both the Somaliland and Somalia has a significant potential capacity for frankincense gums production. It has traditionally been one of the major export activities, but today the sector is in a state of neglect. Most of the production takes place in Sanaag region, in the highland forest of the Gollis range. Trade was disrupted during the civil war, though export has gradually resumed and now takes place on a scale comparable to pre-war levels. The potential for annual production capacity is estimated at some 70,000 metric tons or about 75 percent of the world production.

Main Problems:
  1. Land Tenure: The lack of land-use policies causes insecurity and disputes among agro pastoralists, and between agro pastoralists and nomads. Resolution of land disputes remains the main workload of the Somaliland Justice system.
  2. Soil Erosion and Degradation: This problem is considered by the agro pastoralist and pastoralist as one of the most important issues to be addressed.
  1. Livestock production: There is a limited number of technical staff and ineffective animal healthcare programmes. There is a poor animal nutrition, resulting from a combination of scarcity of pasture, over grazing, droughts, excessive number of animals and slow growth of crops for fodder.
  1. Restrictions on livestock trading caused by a combination of infrastructure bottlenecks, multitude of brokers, absence of price regulation policy, quality control and dependence on the export market.
  1. Crop production: is suffering from a widespread scarcity of agricultural inputs, lack of extension services, shortage of funds and poor access to credit schemes. All of this results in a low agricultural yield and poor land use. The mono-culture remains one of the problems to be addressed.
  1. Roads and communication: The productive capacity of both agricultural and livestock sector is constrained by inadequate communication facilities and insufficiency of physical transport infrastructure.


WATER:

 

This local NGO named Horizon assistance development organization was established in early 2007 to carry out the rehabilitation and the reconstruction activities in Somaliland.

Water is the most important aspects of all lives, no live can be survived with the luck of water.

in rehabilitation and reconstruction activities in the modern world, the modern world moving to developing world every live depends the water, so no one can go to develop or we can say live with the luck or insufficient water in this country of Somaliland the population are 80% are live in th e rural with their livestock and their farmlands.

The land of this country is 90% depends the rain, there is not enough water dumps and water reservoirs, every winter the rural livings are survived their lives to seek a water from far distances in water trucks with high cost they can’t able to pay, every winter many lives has been dead especially the livestock and the other animals.

HIV/AIDS AWERANCESS:


Horizon founders are a group of a youth volunteers, after the establishment of this LNGOs of horizon we took a deep studies to the community in Somaliland the HIV awareness level in Somaliland villages and rural areas including mostly the cities of the regions, and resulted that the community in the surveyed areas requires more awareness about the HIV/AIDS spreading behaviors, protections, not discriminating with the HIV+ patients. Therefore we have been considered to establish regional offices in the cities of the regions of Somaliland.

These offices will implement by Horizon Local Ngo these regional offices would plan to do three main points, which are:

1 ) HIV/AIDS Awareness , 2) counseling the effected people how to live with the HIV, 3 ) teaching the community and the positive relatives not to discriminate the HIV positive persons in their towns, villages, or in their rural areas, and the other benefits the offices in the regions would do will be social psychosocial counseling to targeted groups and trainings, seminars, awareness, workshops, will be advantage if possible.


EDUCATION:

“…education makes a person trainable, training makes the person employable, and attitude and continuous learning keep the person employed: Education, skills development and lifelong learning are at the center of all innovative and high productivity economies.”


Education is one of the most important aspects in rehabilitation and reconstruction activities in the modern world, the modern world moving to developing world education is the key leading to develop in our world, poverty and the civil wars are main causes of luck of education especially in the third world.

After we took studies in the regions of Somaliland, we analyzed the regions in Somaliland how is the education services situation,

As we knows the Somaliland community are mostly live in rural with their livestock in villages and farmland zones, so our study indicating that there is not enough education services and facilities in the regions of Somaliland particularly in rural zones and villages including enough school buildings and the other education facilitators.

Human resources development, education and training contribute significantly to promoting the interests of young people, enterprises, and society. Employers can contribute to youth employment by ensuring that what young people learn actually boosts, among other things, their employability. Education and training should cultivate in them the skills that employers need to compete locally and internationally. 

Employability encompasses the skills, knowledge and competencies that enhance a young person’s ability to gain and retain a job, progress at work and cope with change, secure another job if she/he so wishes or has been laid off, and enter more easily into the labour market at different periods of the life cycle. Young people are most employable when they have broad-based education and training, basic and portable skills, including core skills such as teamwork, problem solving, knowledge of information and communication technologies, and communication and language skills.

Employers can also support youth employment by engaging young people in apprenticeship and internship programmes that provide a valuable introduction to the world of work and have high potential to develop the vocational and technical skills of the young.  Such experiences can be usefully combined with traditional, school-based educational programmes and can smooth the school-to-work transition.

One of the many initiatives that employers can undertake to promote the employability of young people is to become involved in initiatives related to their career guidance. This can include visiting individual schools for career days and providing information about specific occupations to school graduates. Other measures include taking part in recruitment fairs and inviting groups of young people to the work place.

Employers can also forge strategic linkages with career counsellors thereby creating a mutual flow of information, as well as a shared understanding of priorities. They can advise school and vocational counsellors on available careers, and current and predicted skills requirements to ensure that young people can be guided into priority areas, for example by emphasizing the development of ICT skills. 


JUSTICE AND HUMAN RIGHTS:

 

Human rights is one of the most important aspects in developing activities in the modern world, the modern world moving to developing world, so we can keeping and developing the human rights is the keys leading to develop in our world.

Poverty and the civil wars are main causes of luck of human rights, justice, and education, especially in the third world.

After we took studies in the regions of Somaliland, we analyzed the regions in Somaliland how is the human rights level, to protect child, woman and the minorities threats.

We consider to establishing regional offices in the cities of the regions of Somaliland, these offices will implement by Horizon Local Ngo by the funding of the fund providing agencies, these regional offices would plan to implement three main points,

Which are as:

  1. The registration the threatened victims in the regions, 2) and the second will be social consultation to the targeted group, 3) and the third will be community awareness, while the other hand centers benefits will be social psychosocial counseling and trainings, seminars, and female FGM awareness, will be advantage if possible.

SOCIAL AFFAIRS AND FAMILY WELFARE:


Horizon Social Assistance Development Organization believes motivations of the development of social welfare affairs for the approaching the gender to have equal opportunities for Education, job opportunities.

Raising awareness against female (FGM), organizing social awareness for the prevention of female treaty cultures, and creation female skills and producing a equally educated genders.


VOCATIONAL TRAININGS AND YOUTH SKILL CREATION:

 

We considered establishing the youth people in Somaliland are the most important people missed their primary education due the war, whom firstly need to support them.


Horizon considered to establish skill creation centers in the city of Somaliland Hargeisa Somaliland, these skill creation centers are assigned to uneducated youth due to the civil war in previous Somalia whose arrived from the refugees camps, by the behind policy from this activities of job creation.

The jobless in Somaliland youth is estimated approximately 75% of the community in Somaliland, this proposal is assigned the adults of both male, and female, for skill creation of training them the skills of carpentry, missioners, computer training, tailoring, food preparation.

For the purpose of job creation after skill creation of the jobless youth in Somaliland country.